François Villeroy de Galhau has been Governor of the Banque de France since 2015. An ENA graduate and a former Inspector of Finance, he joined the French Treasury in 1988 and held various posts in ministerial cabinets, at the French Treasury, then at the Permanent Representation of France in Brussels, before becoming Chief of Staff to the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry in 1997. Appointed Head of the General tax Directorate in 2000, he became CEO of Cetelem in 2003, then headed the retail banking activities of BNP Paribas in France (2008) and served as COO of BNP Paribas Group, from December 2011 until May 2015. At this date, the French government entrusted him with an assignment on corporate investment financing.